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Ancient Voices - Contemporary Contexts

American Indian Institute, Bozeman, Montana


No. 074, July 2017


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Courtesy Florida Department of Environmental Protection

Mound A at Crystal River Archaeological State Park is seen here during the day. It is one of many Native American mounds at the site.

8 Things We Know (and Don't) About Native American Mounds in Florida

Unanswered questions remain about Native American mounds in Crystal River

Leeanne Root - July 20, 2017

"Seeing Native American mounds in the Ohio River Valley is not unusual, but a rather large mound complex exists-and is a National Historic Landmark-in the small Florida City of Crystal River, a place that wasn't as typical for mound cultures to exist.

"ICMN spoke with archaeologist Gary Ellis, director emeritus of Gulf Archaeology Research Institute, who often gives guided tours of the mounds at Crystal River Archaeological State Park..." Read the Entire Article



Know the Real Geronimo: Life of Native American Hero in Pictures

Geronimo is one of the most celebrated and well-known Native warriors whose memory inspires many Indigenous Peoples today

ICMN Staff - July 21, 2017

"Who was Geronimo? How do we separate myth from reality?

"Much was made of the fact that Geronimo's name was used as a code word for Osama bin Laden in 2011. The resulting firestorm from the use of that unfortunate epithet resulted in the creation of this article, which was designed to address a few questions. Among them: What should we know about this hero, and what do others need to know to understand that he is a true hero? And what books can we point out to those who need a primer?..." Read the Entire Article.



Free Tlingit workbook part of language revitalization

By Carter BarrettJuly 5, 2017

Richard Radford writes on a whiteboard during the Monday night Tlingit language learners workshop in the Juneau Public Library. (Photo by Carter Barrett/KTOO)

"This isn't a class, and there is no teacher. About 15 people are participating in a Tlingit language workshop at the Juneau Public Library on a Monday night.

"The group of Natives and non-Natives are learning a language that only about 100 people speak fluently...." Read the Entire Article.



Six Nations Farmer Kris Hill planning for big harvest at Burtch

by Jim Windle July 19, 2017

Six Nations farmer Kris Hill and friends and supporters work up the rows of soya beans at the Burtch lands. Despite Hill being served papers to force her eviction from communal land, she is determined that she and the Chiefs Council are right and the Elected Council cannot justify their threat against her. Photo by Jim Windle

"SIX NATIONS -- Ever since 1924, the issue of who was to administrate and oversee the communal land of the Six Nations of the Grand River has been one of the most burning questions generations of Six Nations residents have wrestled with.

"The question may be about to be dealt with in a Canadian court of law regarding the Burtch lands, recently returned to Six Nations. For the uninitiated, it would seem a pretty simple thing. But to those who know the history of the Haldimand Tract the many admitted to land swindles, it isn't so cut-and-dried..." Read the Entire Article.



Why Coastal Tribes Are Growing Clam Gardens That Look Like Asian Rice Fields

All along the Pacific Northwest, tribes have been forced to close productive shellfish farming areas due to pollution. But they’ve got a plan.

Barbara Clabots posted Jul 06, 2017

When the tide is out, the table is set. -Tlingit proverb

"In the Haida people's creation story, the powerful trickster Raven encounters the first humans inside a giant clamshell on the shores of Rose Spit in present-day British Columbia. Though they are apprehensive at first, Raven eventually coaxes the terrified people out to play in the world.

"To some, the cold, rocky beaches where this story takes place may appear barren and uninviting. But to Coast Salish tribes, they are gardens that provide physical and cultural sustenance. And for 5,000 years, clams have been a central figure...." Read the Entire Article.



Tourists and locals can learn traditional agriculture practices in the Resilience Garden at the Indian Pueblo Cultural Center where one of the many crops is corn, one of the three sisters. This young man helps with the corn harvest, a community activity.

Resilience Garden Bringing Traditional Agriculture Back

Indian Pueblo Cultural Center teaching traditional agriculture to tourists and locals

Frances Madeson - July 14, 2017

"The Resilience Garden at the Indian Pueblo Cultural Center in Albuquerque, New Mexico is a place where tourists and locals can meet like family, plunging their hands into sandy loamy soil to help bring forward the three sisters-corn, beans and squash. From March through October on the second Sunday of every month, for $5 per class, gardeners, foodies and cultural historians of all levels, can come together to learn about thousand year old Pueblo agricultural practices that still promote successful growing seasons.

"Each of the experiential classes in the 'Seasons of Growth' series will focus on a different aspect of traditional agriculture while getting down and dirty in the garden. In the March 12 session, for instance, visitors will prepare soil and compost and learn about cold-weather crops. They'll also be able to take home their own seedlings to cultivate indoors until they can either come back and plant them later in the season in the Resilience Garden, or grow them in their own home or community gardens as a souvenir of their time in Albuquerque...." Read the Entire Article.



Sacred Giving, Sacred Receiving, by Joseph Bruchac

June 20, 2016 - By Joseph Bruchac

The American Indian Giveaway

Edward Curtis, Homeward, 1898 (Flickr, Museum of Photographic Arts)

"In the old days, no one ever stole. Those who were well off always shared what they had. If there was any thing someone wanted, that person had only to ask the owner and that thing would be given. And no one minded if someone borrowed something and then brought it back to its owner later.

"But when the sacred elk dogs, the horses, came, they brought with them new problems. It was not so easy to give away a horse, unless it was a special occasion. As a result, some people began to borrow horses that belonged to others without permission...." Read the Entire Article.



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