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Ancient Voices - Contemporary Contexts

American Indian Institute, Bozeman, Montana


No. 075, August 2017


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  Border Wall Threatens Native
  American Sovereignty

  In southern Arizona, Tohono O'odham Nation opposes Trump plan



"How do you draw a single borderline through three separate, overlapping nations? While that might sound like a Zen koan-the geopolitical version of the sound of one hand clapping-it's the actual predicament facing the Tohono O'odham Nation, a Native American tribe whose territory includes both the United States and Mexico. The tribe's members are infuriated by the prospect of a border wall further dividing their ancestral lands...." Read the Entire Article.



CMAJ article links hunger in residential schools to Type 2 diabetes, obesity

'We need to start looking at hunger in residential schools as a real predictor of long-term health problems'
By Kate Kyle, CBC News Posted: Aug 13, 2017 10:01 PM CT Last Updated: Aug 13, 2017 10:01 PM CT

Murial Betsina, 73, at her home in N'dilo, N.W.T., remembers being hungry every single day of the nine years she spent in residential school. (Kate Kyle/CBC)

"Widespread, prolonged hunger that existed in residential schools is a contributing factor in the disproportionate health issues facing many Indigenous people, such as diabetes and obesity, according to an article published Monday in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

"'Hunger is really central to the experiences of residential school survivors,' says Ian Mosby who co-authored the article with Tracy Galloway, both with the University of Toronto..." Read the Entire Article



A Native American Poet Excavates the Language of Occupation


Layli Long Soldier

By Layli Long Soldier
101 pp. Graywolf Press. Paper, $16.

""The American poet Layli Long Soldier's debut collection, 'Whereas,' is in part a response to the Congressional resolution of apology to Native Americans, which President Obama signed in obscurity in 2009. There were no Native Americans present to receive the apology, as most never knew an apology was made. In an introduction to the title poem, Long Soldier writes: 'My response is directed to the apology's delivery, as well as the language, crafting and arrangement of the written document.' She is referring at least to the disclaimer that renders the document's admissions of crimes null

in legal matters. It can be argued she is referring to a more general language exercised in American documents, including American poetry. 'Whereas' is an excavation, reorganization and documentation of a structure of language that has talked the United States through its many acts of violence. This book troubles our consideration of the language we use to carry our personal and national narratives..." Read the Entire Article.



'Indigenous peoples are the best guardians of world's biodiversity'

Interview with UN Special Rapporteur Victoria Tauli-Corpuz to mark the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples

UN Special Rapporteur Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, a Kankanaey Igorot woman from the Philippines. Photograph: Pierre Suu/Getty Images for UNDP

"Today is the United Nations' (UN) International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples, numbering an estimated 370 million in 90 countries and speaking roughly 7,000 languages. To mark it, the Guardian interviews Kankanaey Igorot woman Victoria Tauli-Corpuz about the UN's Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which she calls 'historic' and was adopted 10 years ago.

"Tauli-Corpuz, from the Philippines, was Chair of the UN Permanent Forum of Indigenous Issues when the Declaration was adopted, and is currently the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. In this interview, conducted via email, she explains why the Declaration is so important, argues that governments are failing to implement it, and claims that the struggle for indigenous rights 'surpasses' other great social movements of the past.." Read the Entire Article.



Sully pursued the Sioux through the difficult terrain of the Badlands near present-day Theodore Roosevelt National Park.

Native History: Commemorating Battle of the Badlands 153rd Anniversary

The Battle of the Badlands played a role in the reservation systems, Wounded Knee, and other issues being dealt with today

ICMN Staff - August 7, 2017

"This Date in Native History: Today marks the 153rd anniversary of the Battle of the Badlands, which began on August 7, 1864 between present-day Medora and Sentinel Butte, North Dakota.

"The battle was fought in the aftermath of the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 as United States Army General Alfred Sully led his men through the Badlands and encountered resistance from the Sioux..." Read the Entire Article.



Wyoming Wildfire Reveals 'Massive' Shoshone Camp, Thousands of Artifacts



"A wildfire high in the alpine forests of northwestern Wyoming has revealed a vast, centuries-old Shoshone campsite, replete with cooking hearths, ceramics, and stone tools and flakes numbering in the hundreds of thousands.

"The site, found along Caldwell Creek in the Absaroka Range, had likely been used intermittently for as much as 2,500 years, archaeologists say...." Read the Entire Article.




"'It's not our fault,' Jacob Rosales said. I had asked the recent high-school graduate what he wants people to know about life on the reservation in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. 'There's a liquor store right across from the border,' he continued after a pause, pointing off into the distance. 'Right over there.'

"The Pine Ridge Indian Reservation is a striking 3,469-square-mile expanse of sprawling grasslands and craggy badlands that sits in the southwest corner of South Dakota, touching Nebraska's northern edge. Traversing the reservation by car, along its rugged matrix of two-lane highways and unmarked roads, reveals just how vast it is...." Read the Entire Article.



Commentary: The Antiquities Act was meant to protect Indian history

By Lorey Cachora By Aaron Wright - August 18, 2017

"Bureaucrats and politicians currently threaten the heritage of Native Americans - the groups whose histories the Antiquities Act of 1906 was intended to protect.

"Earlier this year, President Trump ordered Secretary of the Interior Zinke to review whether 27 national monuments designated under the Antiquities Act during the Clinton, Bush, and Obama administrations are 'too big.' If Trump's concern is one of scale, he should take the time to listen to Native communities - something Secretary Zinke continuously fails to do - and perhaps his narrow vision could grow to be more inclusive...." Read the Entire Article.



At last, the Indian children have come home

Updated: AUGUST 18, 2017 - 7:17 PM EDT

Rae Friday, left, and her grandson, Anthony Michael Enos, pause at the grave of Little Chief (Dicken Nor) at the Sharp Nose Family Cemetery in the Wind River Indian Reservation. They are both descendents of Little Chief. The remains of two Northern Arapaho children, including Little Chief, were disinterred from the Carlisle Barracks Indian Cemetery where they had been buried. They died while attending school there.

by Jeff Gammage, Staff Writer @JeffGammage | jgammage@phillynews.com

"ST. STEPHENS, Wyo. - People arrived at the cemetery in shiny late-model sedans and in old pickup trucks splashed with mud, but it was three riderless horses that led the Northern Arapaho into a day of grief and celebration.

"The children were home at last....." Read the Entire Article.


Robert Jago


Sir John A. Macdonald's living legacy in 2017 is Indigenous pain and death

Special to The Globe and Mail
Published Saturday, Aug. 26, 2017 8:00AM EDT
Last updated Saturday, Aug. 26, 2017 5:00AM EDT

Robert Jago is an entrepreneur based in Montreal and a member of the Kwantlen First Nation

"At their recent conference, the Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario passed a motion calling for a debate to be opened over the renaming of schools named after Canada's first Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald. The motion states that this should be done 'in recognition of his central role as the architect of genocide against Indigenous peoples.'..." Read the Entire Article.



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